Adjectives modify nouns, pronouns, and groups of words functioning as nouns. Adjective answers the questions What kind?, Which ones?, or How many?
For an example, let's say that you have a car and you want to tell a friend that it is red and that it is new.
In a sentence that might look like: My new, red car is parked in the driveway.
Each adjective tells your friend something more about the car. Or in grammar terms- the adjectives new and red are modifying the noun car:
What about MY? In the noun phrase my new red car, My is a determiner that tells whose car this is. My is in the "possessive" category.
What if you said, "My new, red car is awesome!"
Is awesome used as an adjective? Sort of, but no, awesome is used as a predicate adjective.
Descriptive adjectives describe the noun.
Examples of descriptive adjectives [in bold]:
yellow banana, tall pole, wide door, deep ditch, flowing river, honest man, stormy sky
The suffixes below, when added to a word, will make that word into an adjective.
|-able -ible||from -abilis (Latin)||means-that can be||portable, audible|
|-al||from -alis (Latin)||means of, like, having the nature of||ornamental|
|-ate||from atus (Latin)||means of or having to do with||colligate|
|-ful||from -ful (Old English)||means full of||playful|
|-ive||from -ivus (Latin)||means of or having to do with||massive|
|-ous||from osus (Latin)||means full of||joyous|
Here's a list of common adjective endings (suffixes)
-able, -al, -ant, -ary, -ative, -ory, -ed, -en, -ent, -ful, -ic, -ish, -ive, -less, -ous, -some, -y
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May 13, 2021